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Hippotherapy for Other Disabilities Hippotherapy (meaning ‘horse therapy’ in Greek) is a therapeutic modality that uses the movement of a horse to achieve  functional outcomes. These outcomes are achieved by engaging the patient’s sensory, neuromotor and cognitive  systems as necessary. This article will address the benefits hippotherapy only. Currently, hippotherapy is widely used to treat children with autism. However, its benefits go far beyond that. Hippotherapy  offers benefits in three fundamental areas: physical, cognitive and psychological. The physical benefits of hippotherapy, for example, will be respiratory control, improved posture, trunk/core strength,  improved gross motor skills and enhanced balance. The cognitive benefits of hippotherapy will include improvement in visual coordination, sensory input, tactile responses,  attention span, ability to express thoughts and needs, and understanding of visual cues. Finally, the psychological benefits of hippotherapy are Improved self-esteem and increased enthusiasm towards treatments. The practice of hippotherapy since its introduction in the 1960s in Germany has shown that this mode of therapy is appropriate  for specific diagnoses, including Cerebral Palsy Autism Down Syndrome Cognitive disabilities including brain and spine injuries Language and sensory processing disorders Developmental delays Genetic disorders Depression Though hippotherapy is widely known as a treatment for autism, it is also beneficial for many physical, cognitive,  psychological and congenital disabilities. It is a cogent method of therapy that goes beyond just horse riding.